Papers they’re wall sized television a car that runs on processed seawater an army of robotic soldiers outerspace luxury resorts and human cyborgs no it’s not a movie buckle up as we race into the near future to see where fantasy becomes fact now welcome to the year 2060 as you’ll notice the world has changed quite dramatically in the past.
50 years several things are bigger world’s tallest skyscraper one half mile in height but most things are smaller nanotech.
Medicines cure all forms of cancer some things are faster.
Hypersonic flight from New York to Tokyo takes two hours while other things last longer average human lifespan 125 years of course these are just predictions will they ever be reality what technologies today will revolutionize tomorrow’s personal transportation bionics warfare home entertainment and space exploration and will it bother even trying to predict what’s coming forecasting the future is very important at a couple of levels if you can’t anticipate what’s going to happen you’re going to be stuck reacting to what’s happening a good.
Place to start on your road trip into the future tomorrow’s Wheels be like how about.
A VL that uses the most abundant element.
In the universe as a fuel it’s only emissions are water vapor and a little heat it’s twice as efficient as today’s combustion engines and you can refuel the vehicle at home no fantasy just such test vehicles are already on the road get ready for the hydrogen revolution the hydrogen fuel.
Cell vehicle is going to do two today’s cars and trucks what.
Today’s cars have entrusted to the horse-and-buggy of a hundred hundred and fifty years ago this is a completely revolutionary approach to automotive transportation right now nearly every major automobile manufacturer in.
The world is working on hydrogen fuel cell technology the technology that could begin to supplant gas burning vehicles in the next 15 to 30 years a fuel cell vehicle essentially is an electric vehicle but instead of using a.
Power it uses a fuel cell to generate electricity on board these are very high-performance cars they have great get-up-and-go wonderful acceleration and really good driving performance this.
Is General Motors hydrogen 3 vehicle this is not a.
Conventional vehicle but a fuel cell vehicle powered by hydrogen the hydrogen stored in the back where the gas tank would normally be and under the hood is a fuel cell now the fuel cell system combines hydrogen and oxygen to make electricity which powers the vehicle the waste product is water which goes out the.
Tailpipe and heat which is thrown overboard in the radiator a fuel cell will continue to produce electricity as long as oxygen and hydrogen are supplied fuel cells.
Are different from batteries in this respect batteries are self-contained and eventually run down if not recharged a.
Common type of fuel cell uses a proton exchange membrane which is sandwiched between two.
Electrodes hydrogen gas is fed to one side while.
Oxygen is fed to the other the hydrogen atoms are attracted to the oxygen atoms but the membrane only allows the positively charged hydrogen protons through the electrons have to take the long way around this flow of electrons generates an electrical current although the basic concept of fuel cells dates back to the 1890s it wasn’t until the 1960s that fuel cell.
Technology really took off NASA looking for an alternative to heavy batteries used fuel cells on the Gemini missions and later on the moon missions and eventually on the space shuttle missions one side benefit the byproduct of the fuel cell is drinkable water but back on the ground this car can go 96 miles an hour and performs like a conventional minivan it’s impressive but engineers still have several technical speed bumps to overcome before you’re kicking the tires of.
Your new fuel cell vehicle the challenges that confront us right now.
Are onboard storage of hydrogen how much hydrogen can you store onboard a vehicle to give it the range that it needs we have to lower.
Component cost so this vehicle is more affordable a robust national.
Refueling infrastructure is also extremely critical hydrogen.
Can be produced from diverse sources including coal and natural gas hydrogen can even be produced by electrolysis passing an electric current through water to break its molecules apart into hydrogen and oxygen gas it could be what freeze the country from dependence on foreign oil.
But today hydrogen production isn’t as green as it might seem right now most commercially produced hydrogen comes.
From natural gas if fossil fuels are used in the production of hydrogen in the process generates air pollutants or perhaps no better off that’s why the goal of many environmentally conscious researchers is eventually to produce hydrogen entirely from renewable sources renewable sources include wind energy solar energy geothermal ways of making electricity and of course that electricity then.
Can be used to produce hydrogen from water another.
Challenge is building a hydrogen infrastructure from the ground up California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger believes he has the answer I will sign an executive order creating a public and private partnership that will create hydrogen highways all over the state of California by the year 2010 governor Schwarzenegger’s plan for a hydrogen Highway calls for 150 to 200 hydrogen refueling stations strategically placed along California’s highways fueling stations along major highways will be essential for long-distance.
Travel but for most in town commuters Honda has a plan to make filling up even easier as easy as a trip to.
Energy station connects to a home’s natural gas line and is capable of producing hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles a stationary fuel cell could even power the house although there are test vehicles on the road and several infrastructure plans in progress it’ll still be a while before.
You can fuel your car with hydrogen fuel cells are still extremely.
Expensive if a hydrogen fuel cell car was.
For sale today it had probably cost hundreds of thousands of dollars time and technological breakthroughs will bring prices down but it could take fifteen to thirty years before practical and affordable hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are available to the public hopefully the promise of a hydrogen economy is worth the wait the idea of being able to have pollution free driving and.
In fact having a diverse source of hydrogen I think as is – pretty darn exciting and I think people would.
Love that now unfortunately it doesn’t help you with the congestion so you wouldn’t be able to go faster anywhere that’s when a future flying car would really come in handy right now you have three.
Different kinds of vehicles we’ve got a car that goes along the ground you’ve got an airplane that takes you from point to point and then you’ve got these huge government-financed things that take us up into space the future brings us the convergence of those three.
Vehicles into one a car plane spaceship that could reduce a commute from Boston to New York City for hours to 45 minutes so how do we get the wheels of.
Technology turning well the.
Real issue is how do we get rid of the wheel because the wheel is the cause of tremendous friction.
With nanotechnology one of the things that we may be able to do is get rid of pavement by implanting the maglev repulsion wires in the grass and turn our highways into grass every car will be networked vehicles will run on automatic pilot allowing cars to travel.
Closer together and add incredible speeds so say goodbye to speeding tickets and traffic accidents in the future there’s no such thing as speed limit like the car of tomorrow in the future many things will think for themselves including robot war fighters like it or not the machines are coming forecasting the future isn’t easy in 1943 aviation writer Harry Bruno predicted the decline of the automobile after World War.
Two instead of a car in every garage there will be a helicopter future-tech will return on modern marvels the history of warfare is shown at.
The force with the greatest technological advantage usually wins now the.
US military is working on what could lead to the most deadly weapon on the battlefield by 2025 Robart three.
Okay so the research prototype looks more like the Jetsons made in the Terminator but don’t let his calm exterior fool you his robotic offspring could one day roam the battlefield hunting down enemies and yes killing them the Pentagon is spending billions of dollars in.
The pursuit of robotic technology that will one day lead to autonomous war fighters in the military we’re specifically looking for things that.
Are dangerous or boring or hazardous to the human and we try to let the robotic system take over in those areas the main advantage of the robot is it saves lives and it’s also a force multiplier that it doesn’t get emotional it doesn’t.
Panic and pull the trigger because it’s afraid it’s more cold and calculating and in that sense hopefully more able to make the right decision robot 3 is the product of.
25 years of research he’s an autonomous research prototype.
Developed at the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center in San Diego California with various sensors he’s the first robot to be able to detect a potential threat assess the threat and respond to the threat for this demonstration the threat happens to be a soda can but future tactical autonomous combatants or tax will handle real weapons and real.
Threats the issue basically of a robot equipped with a weapon is somewhat controversial our current strategy right now is to maintain a human in the loop at all times to monitor the actions of the robot and make the final decision as to whether.
Or not that truly is a combatant before you take action we talked about robots people like to.
Think of automatons they’d like to think of bipedal two-legged two-armed one head kind of thing something like Schwarzenegger in the Terminator we think robots could be very small they could look like.
Insects they could look like trucks they could look like airplanes hundreds of tella operated machines are already serving in Iraq and Afghanistan checking bunkers searching buildings and digging up roadside bombs however helpful these machines are remotely controlled.
Each by at least one soldier the goal is to make autonomous machines taks capable of thinking for themselves today researchers are working on complex algorithms that will help machines make decisions define targets discern friend from foe and navigate unknown terrain robot obviously can do things that the human can’t.
Do there will always be some things that a human can do better than robot by putting together in a team you can send the robot in to do the.
Dangerous stuff one autonomous robot already in service is the mobile detection assessment and response system and ours this is.
The EM DARS exterior robot it’s an.
Autonomous security robot which controls around fixed side installations in the continental United States patrol perimeters randomly patrols there’s no human operator driving.
This machine it basically runs by itself it navigates using a novotel our t2.
System which is good to accuracies of about two centimeters we have a number of application payloads that go on here this is a remotely operated weapon this is a non-lethal replica of the weapon.
In here now you can remove this cradle here and drop in the actual weapon which looks just like this we have a number of systems on here for collision avoidance basically what that means is they’re looking out ahead of the system to be.
Sure there’s nothing in the way we have a marsupial carrier on the back which has a Herbet man-portable robot in it this allows this diesel-powered system to carry this robot down to a point and release it where it can go into places this system can’t fit underground in culverts bunkers tunnels inside of buildings allows us to put a sensor pretty much anywhere we want to the robots on the battlefield will serve roles from pack animal to protector but they will all be connected sharing.
Information with each other one urban warfare scenario is to have automatic cannons protecting troops occupying a hostile City when an enemy fires on US troops the humans take cover but these robots which are linked triangulate where.
The shot came from and instantaneously returned fire insurgent fires a shot before that insurgent can drop his rifle and run a grenade is coming through the window so you.
You effectively made the insurgent pay a very high price for messing with anybody with a robot but what happens if one short-circuits what.
Happens when armed robots become smart enough and decide we’re no longer useful and start decommissioning us is that just science fiction science fiction does.
Precede science fact 20 to 30 years from now we will have the ability to.
Mimic the human brain whether we’ll be able to put.
The intelligence and the ability to discern friend from foe that’s going to be the real question humans can’t do it right now so how do we expect robots who would imitate human intelligence to do it it’s going to be a real challenge and many people are very afraid of sentient robots we envision that the machines will be working with humans that be supervised and not left to their own devices 100% of the time there are several technological challenges to overcome before the armed autonomous robot warfighter hits the battlefield but.
Don’t fool yourself the machines are coming the question again is not a matter of if we’ll have this as a question of whim.
And we are inexorably marching technologically toward that target aquired comments fire.
The word robot was introduced in.
1920 by the Czech playwright Carl Capek from the Czech word for forced labor in his play intelligent robots turn on their human owners.
And take over the world future tech will return on modern marvels with the development of nanotechnology scientists plan to do great things in the future cure cancer help feed the starving and of course build a kickin.
Home entertainment system televisions in the future will shrink as small as your retina and grow as big as your house instead of your television being in your living room your living room is going to be in your television we are now at the point where materials are being invented that can serve as television.
Screens no matter how large or small they are so we will be painting.
Or rolling up screens across walls floors and ceilings you will be able to walk on them you will be able to hang pictures on them but you won’t actually have to do that anymore because the pictures will actually be projected as part of the screen so when you walk into your room you will actually be able to.
Walk into a completely different room if you want to program it.
That’s going to be the big change television was formally announced at the 1939 World’s Fair in New York in the next half century people will see as well as hear around the world newspapers magazines mail.
And messages will be sent through the.
Air at lightning speed and reproduced in the home today several companies are working on technologies for the next generation of televisions super thin and even flexible electronic screens organic light-emitting diode Oh LED technology might lead to bigger brighter thinner and.
More colorful displays than even LCDs in the future Oh LEDs work by sandwiching organic material between two electrodes when electricity flows through the organic material it glows several companies have.
Test models this 13-inch Philips prototype is only one millimetre thick the universal display corporation is even working on flexible o LED technology using pliable substrates such as plastic film or thin bendable metallic foil imagine one day rolling up your 20-inch computer monitor and throwing it in your backpack.
Television is basically now constrained to a small rectangle on your wall or in your on your shelf the television of the future is unlimited in where it can be the television of the future is basically able to move to a personal television TV and video monitors will be on everything.
In the future nanotech materials might turn entire buildings into moving billboards.
What’s happening right now is that we see painted surfaces being developed where you actually have a liquid that can be painted on to a very thin substrate over very.
Broad areas and that’s the real revolution that’s taking place that’s where nanotechnology is having a huge impact because you’re getting these very very tiny pixel like nano sized particles that are being included in this liquid that.
Then solidifies to form essentially a television screen over a very wide surface so you can now actually.
Not be limited by flat surfaces or by size but video screens of the future won’t only be the size of buildings they’ll also be so well concealed no one will even know you’re watching television the television has another application that were even actually beginning to see right now and it’s known as opto my onyx this is where thousands and thousands of tiny computer chips.
Are implanted in the back of the retina and are connected directly to the optical nerve leading to the brain today several research groups are working on retinal microchip implantation to improve vision not television the opto bionics corporation is developing a retinal microchip implant for people with age-related macular degeneration and.
Other eye conditions the microchip implanted on the back of the eye contains 5000 microscopic solar cells that convert the light energy from images into electrical chemical impulses that stimulate the remaining functional cells clinical trials began in 2000 so far none of the patients has rejected the implants and all have reported.
Improved vision the retina TV might be next so stay tuned in the brave future even the remote control might become a thing of the past next a cerebral implant could make changing the channel as easy as changing their mind in 1946 20th Century Fox movie executive Darryl zanuck predicted TV wouldn’t last six months after its introduction he said people will get tired of staring at a plywood box every night future.
Modern marvels ever want to control something telekinetically in the future you might be able to brain machine interfaces including cerebral implants will soon merge microchip and mortal to create a true bionic man with seemingly telekinetic powers a lot of people have this image that basically from.
Hollywood that the machines are coming well the machines are coming and they are us because what we see happening is a marriage between the computer electronic world and the human brain world what do scientists have the technology do scientists have the capability to make the first Bionic men and women the answer is yes and they’re already here scientists around the world are currently working on brain machine interfaces BM eyes these devices facilitate direct communication between the brain and the computer for the severely.
Disabled it’s a way to control the computer without using a mouse.
Or keyboard Andrew junker a brain actuated technologies invented brain fingers which is a BMI that can be used for communicating to surf the web or to control the computer equipped house it can also control off-the-shelf software this is the Cyber League green finger.
System consists of a headband that plugs into an interface box which goes into the computer the way I connect I wear this headband it has three sensors that will pick up the voltage at my forehead brain cells communicate by producing tiny electrical impulses brain fingers can detect and decode.
Some of these impulses the signals are broken into frequencies Andrew calls brain fingers so we could use that signal for example to control or create a switch what’s shown in this display is that muscle signal.
As it moves across the screen and in the simplest case if I raise an eyebrow quickly I could have a switch you notice that when I go up switch comes on.
Up switch one on mapping these electrical impulses to computer commands allows a user to control the machine for instance a user can tell.
The computer a quick glance right moves the cursor right and raising.
The cursor left a slight tightening of the jaw raises the cursor and relaxing the muscle makes the cursor fall now the person has full control of a mouse but perhaps an even more amazing attribute of brain fingers is its ability to pick up and decipher the frequencies or brain waves generated by the brain brain fingers Reed’s alpha and beta brain waves which can be thought of as different.
States of mind when relaxed the brain produces more alpha waves when the mind is mentally excited alpha goes down and beta comes up by mapping the electrical impulses as.
Well as the fluctuations of alpha and beta brainwaves to computer commands brain fingers can control commercial software and games using brain fingers is as easy as slipping.
On a headband but there’s a more extreme BMI on the horizon for those willing to go under the knife to.
Get it one person already has meet Matthew Nagle the real bionic man he might not have computer augmented supersite but he does have a neural sensor implant and a direct connection between his.
Brain and a computer matthew is a quadriplegic paralyzed from the neck down in 2004 he became the first recipient of a BMI implant called brain gate brain gate actually taps into the real signals that orchestrate hand motions the idea is to tap into the part of the brain that gives the commands to move your hand this reddish strip right here is called the motor cortex this is the part of the cerebral cortex that controls movement and it’s separate into subdivisions so that.
Control of your leg is from up here control of the arm is down here and control of the face is down here so if we’re interested in signals for controlling the arm we know right where to go equipped with a road.