How Much Do The World’s Biggest Youtube Stars Make?

It’s no secret that some of the most successful YouTubers Life as a Vlogger: What’s It Like? We Asked 10 YouTubers You probably know about the YouTube giants – PewDiePie, Jenna Marbles, the Vlogbrothers – but what about all of the smaller vloggers who make up a huge amount of the content produced on YouTube? Read More are, well, successful. But just how big are the biggest YouTube stars The Top 10 Most Popular YouTube Channels: Should You Subscribe? Have you ever wondered who has the most subscribers on YouTube? In this article we take a look at the most popular YouTube channels and help you decide whether to subscribe to them. Read More ? Who are the biggest money-makers on Google’s massive video service?

Spoiler alert, PewDiePie is the biggest, by a huge margin, which shouldn’t come as a shock to anyone who uses YouTube on a regular basis. But just how much is he estimated to be taking home? Check out the infographic below for a fascinating breakdown of the dollars and cents. There’s also a fascinating look at the backstories of some of these YouTube superstars 15 Entertaining YouTube Celebrities Worth Watching YouTube has changed our idea of what it takes to become a celebrity. You don’t really need a skill, with a personality and the ability to entertain and inform an audience the only prerequisites. Read More .

Check out the image and then hit the comments section below and let us know who are your favorite YouTube personalities out there right now!

Via WhoIsHostingThis

Click to Enlarge


How To Get Old Dos Computer Games To Run On Windows 7

old computer dos gamesMicrosoft’s antiquated and since-retired operating system MS-DOS (short for Microsoft Disk Operating System) was home to some fantastic games. Many of these old DOS computer games now sit dusty and unloved in attics across the world, next to old copies of Lotus Word Pro and your Windows 98 Second Edition CD.

So maybe it’s time to drop the gamepad, leave the Wii-mote and shun Kinect. Get that box of floppies and badly scratched CDs out of the attic, brush up on your command line skills and enjoy some of the finest computer games ever developed.

If you’re a Windows 7 user with a nostalgic craving for the classics, you’re going to need a bit of help getting everything up and running. Enter DOSBox.

MS-DOS Emulation

In order to create an environment in which your ageing games will feel most comfortable, you’re going to need to run a DOS emulator. There’s a couple available, but my personal favourite (because it’s easy and just works) is DOSBox.

old computer dos games

You can download DOSBox here, being a Windows user you’ll want the top option. It’s worth mentioning the large array of different versions to choose from – DOSBox will work just as well on Linux and Mac, as well as FreeBSD, Solaris and other more obscure platforms.

Once downloaded, double click the executable installer.

how to get dos games to work

You’ll be prompted to accept the licence, create shortcuts and finally choose an install directory. Hit the Install button when you’re ready, then Close.

Using DOSBox

Find the DOSBox folder in your Start menu or use the desktop shortcut you just created. You’ll notice two windows open: the DOSBox status window and the main DOSBox window. You’ll want the main one.

how to get dos games to work

Before you can run any games you’ll need to mount a directory as your virtual C: drive. This is what DOSBox will use as a local hard drive, any folders therein can then be accessed with the C: prefix (more on this in a bit).

To mount a folder of your choice, type:

mount c <folder>

I made a directory called dosgames on my C: drive, so to mount it I would type:

mount c c:dosgames

how to get dos games to work

Now you can place any games you wish to run into the folder you mounted. You will need to mount a folder each time you run DOSBox in order to access the juicy games stored within.

It’s probably worth brushing up on your command line skills too. Those of you who are veterans of the DOS era will probably encounter little trouble, but users who are new to the command line may struggle.

Navigation is done through the cd command, so to change directory from the default DOSBox Z:> prompt you’d type:


To change to the C: drive you just created, then:

 cd /doom/

This would take you to the doom directory, if you had one. There is help available within DOSBox, at any time type help /all for a complete list of supported commands.

The Games

So you’ve set up DOSBox, and you even know how to use it. With your virtual C: drive created it’s time to fill that folder you mounted with classic games.

There’s a couple of ways to get hold of old DOS computer games. The most obvious method is using your original CD or floppy disk. To do this, create a new folder within the mounted location (so for me, it’s C:dosgames) and drag the contents of the CD/floppy into it.

You can then navigate there, using the cd command and run the game by typing:

run <executable>

Replace <executable> with the name of the game’s executable file, and enjoy yourself.

old computer dos games

Maybe you’ve scratched your old CDs, no longer have a floppy drive or are just plain lazy – you can always download the games you own. This is not illegal provided you own the original media, though if you download any games you don’t own then be aware that you’re breaking the law.

I’m not going to name any websites from which to download said games, though you’ll probably find what you’re looking for using torrents and private trackers.

As usual, put any games you’ve downloaded within the folder you mounted. You’ll then be able to access them through DOSBox.

Last but certainly not least there’s abandonware. This software’s legality is still contested for a variety of reasons, but there’s a flurry of websites that are jam-packed with games – and we’ve got an article all about them.


DOSBox should be your ticket to old-school gaming on Microsoft’s latest operating system. Sometimes it’s nice to take a break from the latest and greatest and enjoy the golden oldies. If you think this is awesome, then check out our other article on SCUMMVM for point-and-click goodness. You’ll be playing classics like Cannon Fodder, Theme Park and Commander Keen for hours!

Have you played with DOSBox? Got any favourites from years gone by? Let us know in the comments.

10 Compliments He’s Dying To Hear From You

Women aren’t the only ones who want to receive compliments—men love them, too! But, you might be surprised by what they really want to hear.

As rough and tough as our boyfriends pretend to be, they’re actually really sensitive creatures deep down. It’s a proven fact that men really feel their emotions more although women are the ones who show them more.

This means that as good as we feel when men compliment us, they feel even better when they’re compliment—even if they don’t show it outwardly.

Unfortunately, the lack of display of emotions has led to many women thinking that most men don’t like compliments.

Although men love compliments, the ones they’re actually dying to hear may come as a surprise. Sure, a slap of their nice butt followed by a comment stating it is as such may have him jumping for joy—on the inside—but that’s not exactly the best compliment to give him.

Here are the things your man is dying to hear you whisper in his ear after a long day.

1. Anything about how manly he is

man and woman in bed

It’s true. Men love to hear how manly they are. Maybe it makes them feel good just because, or maybe it validates the fact that yes, they are now a man.

So go ahead, and comment on how manly he looks walking around, or how his beard adds just the manliest touch to his features. He’ll go goo-goo over these types of compliments.

2. His movie selection

Just like his choice of music, men want to hear that they have the best taste in movies. Not only does this show him that you pay attention to the little things, but it reassures him that the two of you are compatible.

If you like the same movies, you’re bound to mesh well with each other for a long time to come—something men really want to know but hardly ever say so.

3. How safe you feel with him

Speaking of those muscles making him extremely strong and able to protect you, tell him how safe you feel with him. It might seem like a small detail, and perhaps a given since you’re with him, but you’d be surprised how meaningful this can be for a man.

Throughout history, men have been known for protecting the family and making sure others are taken care of. So, even in today’s world, men love to be reassured that they’re doing this job.

4. His style choices

confident man

Yeah, yeah, most men aren’t exactly fashion gurus, but they still like to know when you find their outfit, or even just a cool t-shirt, attractive.

The fact that most of them aren’t fashion-savvy may even make the compliment that much more special. Bonus points if you tell him that you couldn’t have picked out a better outfit yourself.

5. His taste in music

There aren’t many things that really make a man feel special. However, his music choice is something that can mean a lot to him—especially if he spends the majority of his time listening to music.

Just simply telling him, “You have good taste in music,” is enough to send his ego soaring! Before long, he’ll be sending you playlists and different artists to take a look at. Sharing that part of his life can even bring you closer together.

6. How great he makes you feel

Or how happy you have been since getting together with him. He might not show his appreciation of this comment much since his ‘job’ is to make you happy, but he’ll be lying in bed at night with a smug smile plastered across his face just thinking about what you said.

7. His strength

good looking couple

It’s one thing to drool over your boyfriend’s muscles, but another to tell him how hot they are, and still another when you talk about his actual strength.

Yes, muscles are delicious and any man who possesses a large number of them is going to be ogled whenever he takes his shirt off.

However, it’s very seldom that he is complimented for how strong those muscles make him. He’s not spending hours in the gym for the appeal of the bulk that has accumulated across his body.

He wants to be strong. He wants to be able to protect you.

8. How much your friends like him

No guy will ever admit that he cares deeply about what his girl’s friends think of him, but he really does. If your friends don’t approve, he knows that it’s only a matter of time until they convince you that you shouldn’t like him either.

So, the next time the two of you just got done hanging out with your friends, whisper to him as you’re walking away and just tell him how great they all think he is.

It’s a huge compliment to him, even if he doesn’t show it.

9. How much your parents love him

Friends aren’t the only people in your life whose opinions matter to him. If you tell him that your parents love him, it’s just reassuring him—yet again—that you’re not going anywhere.

Since parents tend to have a big say in the significant others of their children, the fact that they approve of him just gets rid of any and all insecurities related to that.

10. How great he is to his family

man and woman in love

Don’t say this if it isn’t true. The rest of these you may be able to embellish upon to make him feel good, but when it comes to the way he treats his family, be honest about it. Nobody wants you to encourage bad behavior that will only extend into your family if the two of you choose to have one.

But, if he’s really nice to his siblings, helpful to his mother and respectful to his father, tell him that and don’t hold back. Let him know how great you think he is to his family and he’ll be grinning from ear to ear.

Men like compliments. Although they don’t show it nearly enough, it is still necessary to give them a few here and there. Use one of these compliments next time you’re together, and watch how his face lights up.

Listen To Audiobooks On Your Windows 8 Device With Audible

Audiobooks are the most underrated form of literature out there, but Audible’s Windows 8 app and the Audible Cloud Player make them more accessible and fun to listen to than ever before.

With apps for Android, iOS, and even a quality audiobook app for Windows Phone, Audible certainly isn’t new to the game. Owned by Amazon, Audible has the largest collection of new and popular audiobooks out there, and many of them will even sync with their Kindle counterparts so you can switch between listening and reading.

Give Audible a shot on your Windows 8 device, and you’re bound to love it.

Get Started With Audible

Starting a free 30-day trial with Audible will get you two free audiobooks. Considering they typically run around $20, this is nothing to scoff at. If you don’t cancel your membership, you’ll be charged $15 per month, get one free audiobook per month, and also discounts on additional audiobooks.


Visit Audible’s website to sign up for the free trial and get started, or you can download the Audible Windows 8 app and follow the setup there. If you already have an Amazon account, but not an Audible account, you’ll be asked to sign in with your Amazon account, but you will still receive the two free audiobooks because technically you’re opening a new Audible account and joining it with your Amazon one.

Using The Windows 8 App

Once in the app, you’ll be greeted by what should be a familiar user interface for Windows 8 users by now: large text, horizontal scrolling, and a simple design. It’s quite similar to Amazon’s other amazing Windows 8 app: Kindle.

From the home screen, your only options are your library or the store.


Books must be downloaded fully before you can listen to them, and downloaded books will appear fully colored (like Legend) and not downloaded books will appear grayed out (like Divergent). You can then select one to download and play.


Audiobooks tend to take up a good chunk of storage. At 110MB, Legend is already a smaller book and is only being downloaded in average quality, rather than exceptional quality. If you’ve got any sort of 3G or 4G data connection to your Windows 8 device, you might want to switch to WiFi for the hefty downloads.


You also have the option of getting an overview of the chapters to see how long they are, or viewing your bookmarks and adding notes to them. As you can see above, an orange line at the top of the screen indicates how far along in the chapter you are.


However, shopping for audiobooks within the app is limited. A horizontal bar will appear on the right side that operates independently from the rest of the app, shown above, meaning that you have to sign in again. It will let you browse best sellers and new releases, or search for specific books, but doesn’t have the personalized book recommendation features of the full-blown website.


The Audible website makes it a breeze to find audiobooks, though, recommending other books based on what you’ve purchased. You’re better off just using the website. But if you leave the Audible app to visit the website, how do you access the controls? With your volume keys.


A tap on the volume keys will bring up the menu shown above in the upper left corner of your screen. Play or pause your book, skip to the last or next chapter, and tapping the Audible logo will open the app. Being able to skip chapters isn’t particularly useful, and hopefully it will be replaced in the future by a skip backwards 30 seconds button. For now to do that, you’ll need to keep the app snapped to the side.


In its snapped form, you can much more easily skip backwards 30 seconds or bookmark a certain section. In Audible’s settings, you can also change how many seconds back that button will skip. Judging by the orange line at the top, this also allows you to see how much longer in the chapter you have.

Using The Cloud Player

If you spend more time in the desktop than the modern interface, you might find the Cloud Player more useful. It’s also handy if you’re stuck with a device with limited storage and don’t want to download whole audiobooks to your computer at once.

You can access the Cloud Player by visiting your Audible library and simply clicking play on any of your purchased books. It will pop open in another window and have very basic controls, shown below.


The Cloud Player will also keep all your listening synced, just like the Windows 8 app, so you can bookmark a book’s specific Cloud Player URL and then just open that bookmark to pick up right where you left off.


Of course, Audible isn’t your only option for listening to audiobooks on Windows. For free, public domain audiobooks you’ll want to check out AudioLiterate, but for newer books, Audible is your best choice.

I never thought I would be one to get into audiobooks, but after getting through a few on Audible, I’ve realized that they’re just perfect for listening to while doing other tasks.

When do you most often listen to audiobooks? And what do you think of Audible’s Windows 8 app and cloud streaming? Let us know in the comments!

Create A Kid-friendly Homescreen That Will Keep Your Phone Safe & Your Kids Entertained [android]

Create A Kid-Friendly Homescreen That Will Keep Your Phone Safe & Your Kids Entertained [Android] play safe 300Although I don’t yet have kids of my own, I was recently introduced to the world of children through my niece. As any good tech blogger would, I tested numerous Android games on her, and came up with a list of five awesome games she really enjoyed playing. Mobile games are great for kids, but can be somewhat nerve racking for the phone owners, who never know what the child might end up doing with the phone besides playing games.

There are many games that lock your phone so the child can do nothing else but play, but wouldn’t it be great to give kids the choice to play multiple games, and only games? That way, you don’t have to worry about them making inadvertent calls to your boss or simply getting frustrated when the game keeps exiting by mistake. I’ve recently found an awesome app that lets you do just that – it’s called Play Safe.

What Is Play Safe?


Play Safe is a free app which creates a sort of “kids market” on your device. You can use Play Safe to choose just the apps you want your kids to have access to, and exclude them from touching anything else on your phone. When the phone is locked using Play Safe, kids can choose which game they want to play, but are limited to just those apps you granted them access to.

As any cunning adult (or child) would, I tried tricking the app in various ways to gain access to the rest of the phone. In the end I succeeded, but this bypass is easily avoided. I will soon show you how I managed to trick the app, but all in all, this is a great app for younger children who tend to exit games by mistake and really just want to enjoy the game, not find a way to make prank calls.

Choosing Apps & Locking Your Phone

The app is very easy to use by both children and adults, and comes with a simple, people-friendly interface. This is the app’s main screen:


If this is your first time, tap on “Select Apps” to choose which apps your kids can have access to. The app will load a list of the apps you have installed on your phone, and all you have to do is scroll through them and tap the ones you want to add.


Once you’re done selecting, hit the back button to return to the main screen (there isn’t a “done” button or anything like that). Now you can lock your phone, but there’s still one more step to go through. When you first lock your phone, you’ll have to choose to complete the action using Play Safe.

Don’t forget to tick the “Use by default” box so you don’t have to do this every single time. If you’ve used child-lock games before, you’re already familiar with this process.


That’s it, your phone is now childproof and you can hand it over to the nearest child for testing. Now it’s time to see how I managed to break through the locks, and how you can prevent your own child from doing so.

Using Locked Phone & How To Keep It Locked

When you hand over the locked phone to a child, this is what they’ll see:


This is the list of apps I added to my Play Safe list. The child can tap any game, and when done, the home button or back button will redirect back to this screen. So far so good.

I then tried using the recent apps option on my device (note that my device runs Android 2.2, not ICS, so I could not test this with the latest version of Android) to see if this will let me choose restricted apps. Luckily, it doesn’t. When I long-pressed the home button, the list of recent apps included only the games I already played, and the Play Safe app itself.


So no luck here. My break came when I was using an app that does not hide the notification bar, such as this harmless timer app, Ovo.


When the notification bar is visible, a cunning or unsuspecting child can accidently pull it down, at which point they can gain access to your entire device. It does require some know-how, but it can happen by mistake with some apps. To its defense, even when the notification bar is down, pressing the back or home buttons will bring the child back to Play Safe, not the actual home screen, but this is still quite a loophole. So what can you do?

Most games on Android are full-screen, so the kids will not get access to the notification bar. You might want to check your games first to find out which ones don’t run in full-screen, and exclude them from the list. This way, you can rest assured the child will only use the right apps and won’t be able to do anything else with the device.

Bottom Line

Play Safe is great for younger children, but might be a bit easy to bypass for older ones. The app unlocks by pressing the app logo for 3 seconds. which is definitely something an older child can figure out. It would be nice to have a password protection option, but as long as my niece is young, I definitely plan to use Play Safe.

What do you do for peace of mind when a child is using your phone? Know of any brilliant solutions? Tell us in the comments!

Standalone Google Docs And Sheets Apps Launched On Ios And Android

While users could edit documents and spreadsheets through Google Drive before, Google is now carving that functionality out and splitting it into two separate apps: Docs and Sheets.

Drive is still used to store, view, and organize your files, but Docs and Sheets will do the editing and have improved offline support so that you can create documents and spreadsheets without an Internet connection, and they will simply sync up the next time you get a connection. Google says that the a Slides app is coming soon.


Upon opening the app, you’ll see a list of your most recently edited documents, which Google hopes will cut down on the time it takes you to scroll through your files to find what you were last working on. There’s no word yet on how Google Docs and Sheets will get along with QuickOffice, Google’s other document and spreadsheet editing app.

You can download these news apps on Google Play (Docs, Sheets) or the Apple App Store (Docs, Sheets).

Just getting started with Google Drive? You may want to check out our article on how to use Google Drive to capture your great ideas and never lose them.

Now, if you have a brilliant idea for a best-selling novel while traipsing through the Amazonian rainforest (or you know, something more probable, like during flight takeoff)… no problem. You can jot down your idea in the Docs app on your phone, even when you’re offline. — Google Blog

What do you think of this change? Is it necessary to split up these functionalities, or should Google have left it alone? Let us know in the comments.

Source: Google Blog via Mashable

15 Cool Tools For Easy Expense Tracking And Budgeting

If you’re stuck in debt, the most effective way out is to start tracking your expenses. Think of it this way: if your canoe was sinking, wouldn’t you locate the leak first? You have to plug the hole before you can start bailing out the accumulated water.

For most folks, debt isn’t the problem — spending is. Even if someone were to wipe out your debt balance, are you confident that you wouldn’t plunge right back into that hole? If you can get your spending under control, then your debt problem will become much easier to manage.

These apps can help you with that. Not only will they help you see where your money is going, but they’ll make your life more organized through automated bill reminders and other useful features. Check them out!

1. Prism

Prism is an awesome app that connects to all of your financial accounts (namely credit cards and billed services) and automatically tracks all of your due dates and amounts each month. You can also pay it all through the Prism app itself, meaning you no longer have to juggle a million websites and logins! It really doesn’t get any easier than this.

Download: Prism for Android (Free) | iOS (Free) | Windows App (Free) | Kindle (Free)

2. Mint Bills

Formerly known as Check, Mint Bills is just like Prism: enter all of your bills, hook up your bank accounts, and let the app automatically manage and notify you when due dates arrive. You can pay through the app, either on demand or scheduled ahead of time. Whether you choose Prism or Mint Bills comes down to your preference for interface design. And now that Mint Bills has been integrated into the main Mint app, you can manage all of your finances from one place.

Download: Mint for Android (Free) | iOS (Free) | Kindle (Free)

3. Monefy


Monefy is like Prism and Mint Bills with a big difference: no automation. Instead of hooking up your accounts and letting the app take care of everything, you input your expenses manually as they occur. You’ll miss out on the bill reminders and pay-through-app features, but you gain more control and you end up being more involved in the process (which can actually help curb spending).

Download: Monefy for Android (Free)

4. Money Manager


Money Manager is closer to accounting software than it is a bill tracker. It’s best when you have money and assets flowing between multiple accounts. Money Manager has visualization features (graphs, charts, statistics, etc.) that can come in handy for seeing your financial progress on a daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly basis. It’s excellent for perfectionists.

Download: Money Manager for Android (Free)

5. Bills Reminder


If all you want is an app where you can input your recurring bills and have it send you reminder notifications when those due dates are up, then Bills Reminder is the one for you. It’s a lot simpler than the likes of Prism and Mint Bills, and you don’t have to worry about the security risks of hooking up your financial accounts. The setup is done by hand, and the notifications are automated.

Download: Bills Reminder for Android (Free)

6. TimelyBills


TimelyBills is a slightly more complex alternative to Bills Reminder. Its main function is a reminder app, but it has the ability to pay bills through the app if desired. The other big feature is the ability to see your bill spending trends over time, which can help you slash unnecessary household expenses.

Download: TimelyBills for Android (Free)

7. Bills Monitor


If you’re an iOS user who’s disheartened that some of the apps above are Android-only, this one’s for you. Bills Monitor is an excellent app that lets you input various bills and makes them easy to track through notifications and a calendar view. Its closest analog among the apps above would likely be Bills Reminder.

Download: Bills Monitor for iOS (Free)

8. Prosper Daily

Formerly known as BillGuard, Prosper Daily is really good at helping you get your financial life back on track. It acts as a central location for all of your accounts with its Smart Inbox, and comes complete with detailed analytics, transaction maps, alerts of suspicious activity, and even free credit score tracking.

Download: Prosper Daily for Android (Free) | iOS (Free)

9. Expense IQ

Expense IQ is an advanced money management app. Manually input transactions as they occur and supplement them with photos if you’d like (e.g., receipts). Get reminder notifications for your recurring bills. Set up monthly budgets to limit your spending. Analyze your habits with detailed reports. Synchronize everything to the cloud so your data stays safe and secure.

Download: Expense IQ for Android (Free)

10. Goodbudget


Goodbudget is unique on this list because it employs a special kind of money management: the envelope method. By splitting your budget into “envelopes,” it’s easy to see how much money you can spend in various categories without going into debt. Use it to track bills or pursue financial goals. It seamlessly syncs across all devices for your convenience.

Download: Goodbudget for Android (Free) | iOS (Free)

11. Splittable

If you live with roommates, or if you don’t share finances with your spouse, then Splittable is an effective way to split and track various bills between parties. It’s great for rent, bills, groceries, trips, nights out, and more. This app will tell you when somebody owes somebody else. One glance is all you need to know if everyone is paid up.

Download: Splittable for Android (Free) | iOS (Free)

12. Expensify

Expensify is for those who need to track many expenses but don’t want to deal with the hassle of spreadsheets and the like. Its key feature is the ability to snapshot a receipt and have the app pull all relevant information off of it, thus automating the expense tracking process. It’s especially nifty for small business owners and frequent business travelers.

Download: Expensify for Android (Free) | iOS (Free)

13. Debt Tracker


Debt Tracker is a minimalist app for — you guessed it — tracking your debts. Everything is inputted manually. Use it to manage your personal debts to friends and family and your other debts like loans and bills. It also has the ability to track savings for individual goals, like vacations or purchases.

Download: Debt Tracker for Android (Free)

14. Level Money

Level Money is one of the best apps for streamlining your personal finances. You input your income, your bills, and your other regular expenses, then Level Money keeps a running tab on how much “spendable” money you have. It’s a not-as-strict way to be responsible and prevent accidental overspending.

Download: Level Money for Android (Free) | iOS (Free)

15. Pibi


Pibi is a web-based money management app that focuses on power within minimalism. It’s really easy to use, and thanks to its responsive design, can be used in any browser regardless of device. It may not be enough for heavy-duty usage, but it’s perfect if all you need to track is occasional personal spending.

Visit to get started

How Do You Track Bills and Expenses?

You only need one or two of these apps, so don’t go crazy. What’s more important is that you develop an understanding of where your money goes and how to rein that in.

These TED Talks on money can definitely help with that, as well as these podcasts on good money habits. Just remember that not all personal finance advice is good advice. Some of it can be harmful when taken out of context.

What do you use to track your own expenses and budgets? Are there any good apps that we missed? Share with us in the comments below!

Image Credit: George Fairbairn via

7 Ways To Install Apps And Games In Linux

You did it! You installed Linux, tweaked every little detail. And now what?

Although Linux distributions come with plenty of pre-installed software, sooner or later you’ll want to install something new. “But how do I install apps on Linux?”, you might wonder. That is the question we’re tackling today.

The most common method of installing apps on Linux is from the repositories using a package manager. The principle is more or less the same everywhere, the main difference being the package management system of a particular distribution. Sound a bit Greek to you? Here’s an explanation.

What Is a Package Management System?

Linux software is usually distributed in the form of packages. In simplified terms, a package management system refers to the tools and file formats required to manage those packages. Two most widespread package management systems are dpkg (uses .deb files) and RPM (its packages are .rpm files). The difference between package management systems is generally in their approach to the installation process (for example, RPM packages can depend on files, rather than other packages).


You may already know that Debian, Ubuntu, and their derivatives use dpkg, while Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, Fedora, Mageia, and openSUSE use RPM. Gentoo’s system is called Portage, while Sabayon can use both Portage and its own system called Entropy. Slackware and Arch Linux use tarballs (.tar files) that contain special metadata, while PC Linux OS sports a mix of solutions.

Linux packages are just archive files (like .zip and .rar) that contain the application code and the instructions on how to install the application, where to place its configuration files, and what other packages it requires. The software that executes those instructions is called a package manager.

Tip: Always make sure to use the right package format for your distribution. If you can’t find a .deb package of an application, but a .rpm one is available, it’s possible to convert between them.

What Is a Package Manager?

The desktop equivalent of an app store, a package manager is the central place to manage your Linux applications. Think of it as the Add/Remove Applications dialog on Windows, but far more advanced. In fact, Windows users should be familiar with the concept, since nowadays their OS has a package manager, too.

Every Linux distribution comes with a package manager. If you don’t like the default one, you can replace it (provided that the new one supports your distro’s package format). The package manager is where you’ll search for, install, update, and remove applications. It can have a command-line or a full graphical interface, and it stores the information about installed applications, their versions, and dependencies in a local database. This helps it clean up all the “leftovers” automatically after you uninstall an app.


Tip: When you want to install a new Linux app, always search in your package manager first. If you can’t find what you’re looking for there, turn to other useful resources.

What Is a Repository?

Of course, your package manager can’t just produce packages out of thin air. It needs to fetch information about available packages from a location called the repository. It’s a collection of packages for a particular Linux distribution. The repository can be a network location, a local storage unit (a DVD, a USB drive, or a hard drive), or even a single file. Every distribution has its official repositories with thousands of packages.

If an app is unavailable in the official repositories (or you just want the newest version straight from the developers), you can add new repositories to your system. Make sure to choose the repository that matches your distribution’s version. New repositories can be added via a dialog in your package manager, or by editing files with admin privileges.


Dpkg-based distributions store their repository information in the /etc/apt/sources.list file or in separate .list files in the /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ directory.

For RPM distros, you can add new repositories under the [repository] section in the /etc/yum.conf file (or /etc/dnf/dnf.conf, if you use DNF instead of Yum), or create .repo files in the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory.

For users of Ubuntu and derivatives, there are also PPA (Personal Package Archive) repositories that host packages on Launchpad. Since anyone can create a PPA, you should be careful when adding PPAs that are not officially supported by a project. Similar services for Fedora are called Copr and Koji.

Tip: If you don’t want to upgrade your Linux distribution, but still want to receive software updates, look for repositories labeled as “backports”. They contain new versions of apps for old versions of a distribution.

How to Install Linux Apps

1. From the Terminal

A long time ago, this was the only way to install Linux apps. Package managers didn’t have handy checkboxes and menus; they were command-line utilities. They still exist today – in fact, you use them every time you install something with a graphical package manager, since it’s just a front-end for the command-line tool. You can use them directly if you want to speed things up, or if you simply prefer using the terminal.

Dpkg is the name of the package management system, but also of the basic tool for handling .deb packages. It’s sometimes referred to as a “low-level” tool, and all other package utilities build upon its functionality. You can use it to install a single .deb package:

sudo dpkg -i packagename.deb

where -i stands for “install”. Dpkg cannot automatically resolve dependencies, but it can (re)configure packages and extract their content.

APT (Advanced Package Tool) has all the features of dpkg, and then some. It comprises several tools, such as apt-get, apt-cache, apt-add-repository, apt-file… To install applications, you need apt-get:

sudo apt-get install packagename

Another useful feature is simulation:

sudo apt-get install packagename -s

It shows you which packages will be added or removed, and which files will be configured, but it doesn’t actually install anything.

Aptitude improves upon dpkg and APT, introducing a graphical interface in the terminal, which you either love or hate.


You can install apps from this interface or by typing commands:

sudo aptitude install packagename

Aptitude is similar to apt-get, but it provides more information and guidance while you manage packages. It treats automatically installed packages and system upgrades a little differently than apt-get does, and it offers advanced search options. Aptitude can warn you about conflicts when installing or removing packages, and show which packages are causing a problem thanks to the why command.

The situation is analogous on RPM-based distributions: the rpm command-line utility is roughly equivalent to dpkg, your APT is their Yum, and aptitude corresponds to DNF.

DNF stands for Dandified Yum, a new version of Yum that was introduced in Fedora 18. Both Yum and DNF can automatically resolve dependencies. The syntax for installing packages is simple and almost exactly the same with each tool:

rpm -i packagename.rpm
yum install packagename
dnf install packagename

On openSUSE, you can use Zypper:

zypper install packagename
zypper install /path/to/package.rpm

Mageia has its own wrapper for rpm called urpmi with equally simple commands for installation:

urpmi packagename

and searching:

urpmq packagename
urpmq -y keyword

On Arch Linux, you can use the default package manager (pacman) to install packages:

pacman -S packagename

and search for applications in the repositories:

pacman -Ss keyword

However, if you want to install something from the AUR (Arch User Repository), you need a separate tool called an AUR helper. AUR doesn’t contain binary packages that pacman can manage; instead, it’s a repository of “recipes” for applications that have to be built manually. Yaourt is one of the most popular command-line AUR helpers because it can install both “regular” Arch Linux packages as well as those from AUR. It’s interactive, so you can type:

yaourt keyword

and it will display the results as a numbered list. After you pick a number, Yaourt asks you what to do with the package. Alternatively, you can just type:

yaourt -S packagename

to install the desired package. Yaourt takes care of the dependencies automatically.

Tip: To avoid typing the installation command every time you need a new app, create an alias for it.

2. With a Graphical Package Manager

This is the recommended way to install Linux apps. Just fire up your package manager, find a package, mark it for installation, and confirm changes. You’ll be asked for the administrator password, so type it correctly.


The package manager will occasionally select several packages for installation. Those are your application’s dependencies – other packages that it requires to work properly. Some package managers will “recommend” and mark related (but not obligatory) packages for installation. It’s possible to disable this behavior in the Settings/Preferences dialog.


Dpkg-based distributions usually ship Synaptic as the default package manager, though some offer Muon:


Ubuntu Software Center will be replaced by Gnome Software in the April 2016 release (Ubuntu 16.04). Linux Mint offers Synaptic and its own product called Software Manager.

On RPM distributions you can find yumex, a front-end for yum:


There is also rpmdrake, which is a front-end for urpmi. On openSUSE you can install applications with YaST. Gentoo has a graphical front-end for emerge called Porthole:


On Arch Linux, you can use Pamac or Octopi as a graphical alternative to yaourt:


Both tools can search and install packages from the official repositories as well as from the AUR.

Tip: If you want to install a new desktop environment or an office suite, look for its metapackage in the package manager. It’s much easier to install one metapackage than hunt for dozens of individual packages.

3. Use GDebi and Wajig

Users of dpkg-based distributions can play with two interesting tools. GDebi is a front-end for APT that lets you install an application by double-clicking a .deb file. Unlike dpkg, GDebi can automatically install missing dependencies. It’s particularly useful when you want to install an app that’s not in the repositories, but you’ve downloaded its .deb file.


Wajig combines the powers of dpkg, apt-get, apt-cache, and a bunch of other tools. Apart from installing apps and upgrading the system, Wajig can stop or start system services, convert RPM packages, and provide detailed information about all packages in the repositories.

Tip: You can set GDebi as the default application for opening .deb files. Right-click a .deb file, select the Open with… option, find GDebi in the list, and confirm changes. Now your .deb files behave like .exe installers from Windows.

4. With a Self-Installer

This method applies to software that’s not in the repositories and has to be downloaded from the developer’s website instead, such as proprietary drivers. In some cases, this software is distributed as a self-extracting file with a .run or .bin extension. To install it, right-click the file to access its Properties > Permissions dialog and mark it as executable.


Now you can either double-click the file to start the installation, or navigate to it in the terminal and type ./ The installation will proceed automatically and the dialogs will look very similar to Windows installers.

Tip: Self-installers can also be bash scripts (files with the .sh extension). You can run them in the terminal by typing ./

5. Compile Them From Source

It’s rare, but it happens. Sometimes the developers won’t package an application for any distribution, instead providing the source code that you need to compile yourself. The source should be a .tar archive file which you have to unpack. It contains helpful files called README and/or INSTALL, so consult them first. The general “recipe” for compiling apps includes the following commands:

make install

You would run them one after the other in the same directory where you extracted the source. However, exceptions and quirks might occur, so you should read our more detailed guide on how to compile Linux apps.

Tip: You can create .deb and .rpm packages from source to install the application with your regular package management tools.

6. From Digital Distribution Clients

All previously mentioned methods apply to Linux games as well (yes, you can actually find games in the repositories). However, there’s another way to install games on Linux, and that is via digital distribution platforms and their desktop clients. Steam is already available on Linux, GOG Galaxy is in the making, and is a praiseworthy alternative.


The desktop clients tie in with your accounts, so you’ll need to register first if you want to organize your games.

Tip: Keep an eye on Steam deals to grab great games without going bankrupt.

7) Use Application-Level Package Managers

If you want to get geeky, you can use application-level package managers alongside your default, system-level package manager. The former are also known as programming language package managers. They contain libraries and supporting utilities for a programming language, so if an application is written in that language, it can be easily distributed and installed with the package manager.

There are quite a few of them: pip for Python, RubyGems for Ruby, npm for Node.js, NuGet for the Microsoft development platform… Some apps are much easier to install with this type of package manager because of a large number of dependencies that might not be available in your distro’s repositories.


As you can see, there are several ways to install apps on Linux, each with its own (dis)advantages. When in doubt, use the package manager, but don’t forget there are other options. After all, it’s the variety of options that makes Linux so awesome.

What is your preferred method of installing Linux apps? Do you have any tips for Linux beginners? Share your thoughts in the comments below.

Image Credits: Yumex screenshot, Muon screenshot, Aptitude screenshot, Porthole screenshot, Octopi screenshot, screenshot.

How To Make Your Eyes Look Bigger And More Attractive

It’s scientifically proven that bigger eyes are considered more attractive. Here’s how to make your eyes look bigger so that you feel prettier overall.

During the holiday season, you’ve probably found yourself hopping from one event to another or joining several celebrations right before Christmas up until the New Year. This probably meant a couple of things – having to wear (and buy!!) new dresses, using your favorite shoes and of course, dolling up by using make-up.

Like any other woman, you’ve probably spent time pulling at your eyelids to apply eyeliner and mascara, all in the effort of making your eyes bigger and brighter. There is nothing to worry about if you haven’t perfected that trick yet for this holiday season, you have the rest of 2015 to learn how to make your eyes look bigger with makeup.

Why would you want to make your eyes look bigger, anyway?

Some of us lazy girls have not perfected the eye makeup at all – the color combinations, the blending, and the brush-cleaning is enough to deter anyone who’s rushing out the door to avoid being late during the mornings. However, accentuating your eyes will actually make you look different, in a good way, which makes it worth practicing when you have spare time.

There’s a science behind the connection between bigger eyes and beauty, but let’s start with this statement:

Various universities’ studies show that men generally find women with larger eyes more attractive.

women with larger eyes

Why do they?

  1. There are a number of theories that attempt to answer this question, and this dates back to prehistoric times. Larger eyes, along with bigger breasts and fuller lips, were signs that a woman had higher estrogen levels, which also translated to better fertility. This meant that women with larger eyes were often seen as more fertile, and therefore, better “mates” for men.While fertility and estrogen levels aren’t really the main criteria for choosing mates nowadays, this kind of attraction has been embedded into human consciousness since caveman times.
  2. The second reason is that large eyes are a neotenous feature, which is a characteristic of youth, giving a certain appearance of youthfulness, innocence and naivety. As youth is considered an attractive trait among women, it makes sense that we would associate neotenous features or traits of youth with someone who has large and well defined eyes.
  3. The third reason is facial symmetry, which is also noted as an attractive trait among men and women. Defining your eyes and making them look bigger gives the face an appearance of symmetry, and therefore enhances its attractiveness.
  4. Lastly, another main reason in accentuating your eyes is the fact that it will change your look. If you’re really tired with your everyday face, adding drama by using tons of black liner and full fake lashes and Smokey Eyes, or going subtle with brown and peach liner, curled lashes, and natural hues can really make a significant change. If you choose the latter, when you accentuate the natural shape of your eye even just the slightest, people will think that you look different but can’t quite put their finger on what it is.
  5. Accentuating your eyes to make them appear bigger is a huge self-esteem boost as well. Studies show that primping yourself and spending extra time on making yourself look beautiful will also make you feel beautiful as well – that’s why makeup exists!

How to make your eyes look bigger in an easy way


So, ready to get bigger eyes that exude beauty and youthfulness? How can it be achieved, anyway?

Well, there are many ways to get bigger eyes, and the most permanent solution would be to undergo surgery such as blepharoplasty (a procedure that creates eyelid folds) or lateral canthoplasty (a procedure on the lateral or outside area of the eyes). Secondly, there are products and procedures that temporarily give the appearance of larger eyes, including the following:

  • Eyelash extensions and false eyelashes – Eyelash extensions and false eyelashes make your eyes pop out and add drama to your face. False eyelashes are very, very temporary and last only for several hours (or the whole day, if you apply them properly). Eyelash extensions last longer, often for several months with regular touch-ups. When it comes to eyelash extensions and falsies, bigger is not always better, so make sure that you choose a length and thickness that is proportionate to the size of your eyes and face.
  • Eyelid glue or tape – Eyelid glues and tapes are products made from water-soluble materials which are designed to create eyelid creases. They are popular in many Asian countries where many women have mono-lids or eyelids without creases. Adding a false eyelid crease makes the eyes appear larger and brighter.
  • Big eye contact lenses – Big eye contact lenses or “circle” lenses are lenses that do not just cover the iris but also some of the white part of your eyes, producing that doe-like appearance.
  • Makeup – The most temporary, yet also the easiest and least invasive thing you can try. With the right tricks, makeup items and colors, you can create the illusion of bigger and bolder eyes.

You can try one of these methods, combine them, or use all of them together to achieve the look that you want.

Using makeup


If you aren’t keen on going through surgery for bigger eyes, or just want to make your eyes look stunning for a party or event, then you can definitely achieve it by just using makeup. If you are new to makeup, you’ll probably need some time to learn and master the steps, but over time, it will become so easy that it won’t take you more than five minutes to do your eyes. To use makeup to make your eyes look bigger, you’ll need the following:

  1. Eye shadow
    Choose colors that will make your eyes pop, and it primarily depends on your eye color. If you have blue eyes, you may want to stick to copper, gold, bronze, shimmery champagne, peachy shades or beige. If you have brown eyes, choose bronze, purple, peach, teal, navy blue and green. If you have green eyes, opt for sepia brown, purples, rust and pinks, and if you have hazel eyes, go for yellowish browns, gray, dark purple and burgundy.
  2. Eye shadow brushes
    You’ll need something to apply your eye shadow with, and there are tons of brushes to choose from. Eye shadow brushes comes in different shapes and sizes, and the ones that you will need are the eye shadow brush, which is small, stiff and flat; the pointed eye shadow brush, which is dome-shaped and applies eye shadow precisely to places like the crease; the blending brush, which is soft and flower-shaped; and the eyeliner brush, which is small and angled.
  3. Eyeliner
    There are many shades of liner, and picking the color depends on the look that you’re going for. Are you going for a Smokey Eyed sultry look? Try kohl or soft black eyeliner that will easily smudge around your eyes and soft enough to be applied to the waterline without irritating it. Do you want to do a nude and natural look? Opt for brown eyeliners, which produce softer lines than black ones, to make your eyes look bigger; or, you can choose beige or peachy shades to make your eyes look more awake. If you’re going for crazy-fun look, choose metallic eyeliner colors such as blue, purple, green or gold! Line your eyes with these colors to make them pop. If you’re opting for innocent and wide-eyed, fresh young girl look, then go for white eyeliner, which is what Koreans (ulzzang) and Japanese pop stars choose.
  4. Primer
    You want your eye shadow to stay in place all day without creasing, especially if you’re wearing makeup from morning until night. Get your eyelid colors to stay in place by applying primer to your lids before you apply the shadow. It will help the shadow become more vibrant as well.
  5. Eyelash curlers
    They will make droopy lashes look alive – making your eyes look more awake and alive, too.
  6. Mascara
    Complete the look by adding mascara, which can automatically create the illusion of longer and thicker lashes.

Makeup tricks for bigger looking eyes


  1. Apply concealer to get rid of the dark circles under your eyes. Dark circles make your eyes look small and tired, so make sure that your concealer hides the darkness and discoloration, and illuminate your under-eye area. Choose a concealer that is a shade lighter and warmer than your skin to hide purplish or bluish discoloration.
  2. Apply your primer to the lid area before dusting on eye shadow.
  3. Use your eye shadow brush to tap on the eye shadow that you like. For eyes makeup novices, remember that your eyes are divided into the lid, the crease, the brow-bone and the outer V. Ideally, complementary colors are placed with darker color on the lid, a smidge lighter on the crease, shimmery on the brow-bone, and darkest on the outer V. Be sure to blend these colors together using your blending brush, so that a gradient appears.
  4. Use eyeliner and line the upper lash-line. If you’re not too sensitive or have a steady hand, try tight-lining, which means lining inside the lash-line. Depending on the shape of your eyes, you can also line the entire lower waterline, or just line the outer half, to avoid getting that droopy or sleepy look.
  5. Curl your lashes and pile on the mascara. If you’re doing falsies, stick them on before you place mascara on the lashes. Make sure that you’re not applying mascara BEFORE you curl your lashes – it might cause your lashes to break and fall off.
  6. Remember to groom your brows as well – nothing destroys well-placed eye makeup than unruly, overgrown brows!

Smokey Eyes

  1. Perform the basics by putting on concealer and primer on your eye area. If you want Smokey Eyes, choose a black kohl pencil which shall be the base of your eye shadow, dark shadows (these aren’t limited to black – you can also choose navy blue, dark mauves and purples or chocolate brown, but for this tutorial we’re going to stick to black) and false eyelashes.
  2. After applying primer, draw the kohl pencil all over your mobile lid area and slightly above the crease. Smudge it and pat on black eye shadow to further darken the area.
  3. Place some shimmery black eye shadow onto your outer V and extend it to a wing, and underneath the outer portion of your lower lid.
  4. For the crease, a shimmery dark gray shadow is best to form a gradient with the black eye shadow. Blend thoroughly until you can no longer distinguish where both eye shadows colors meet.
  5. Apply black kohl pencil to your lower waterline and tight-line your upper lash line. Curl your lashes and apply falsies, and apply mascara generously.

Natural look

  1. After applying your concealer and primer, choose earthy colors such as warm browns and gold for your eye shadow. Your liners must be in the same color family, such as deep browns, or if you want your eyes to look alive, you can opt for peach or light browns.
  2. Pat on the matte brown shadow to your mobile lid, and choose a slightly darker color for your cut-crease. The idea is to create a shadow on the crease. Blend the two colors until there is no demarcation line.
  3. If you have cool undertones, opt for a peachy highlighter for your brow-bone. If you have warm undertones, opt for highlighters in golden tones. Apply the highlighter on the brow-bone.
  4. Line your waterline with the light brown or peach eyeliner. You can opt for black eyeliner when tight-lining to make your lashes appear fuller and thicker.
  5. After tight-lining your upper lash line, grab your eyelash curler and curl your lashes. You can also use natural-looking false eyelashes if you have sparse eyelashes. If you are not, use dark brown mascara to make your lashes darker and thicker, without looking too dramatic. Brown mascara looks softer and less pronounced, but it will look very natural on you.

Spending a few extra minutes each day in accentuating your features is not a waste of time – rather, think of it as a way to boost your confidence and self-esteem.

What methods do you use to make your eyes look bigger? Do you have other makeup tricks that you regularly follow? Feel free to share them in the comments below.

Don’t forget to check out the eyeliner Infographic we’ve made for you: How to Apply Eyeliner for Every Eye Shape.