Climate change is making the world "bluer," according to new study that finds that weather and animal populations are fluctuating more rapidly than in years past.
The blue shift is not literal; rather, the color blue is used to represent rapid fluctuations in a system called "spectral color," which ecologists use to describe environmental change. The increasing blueness of the environment may be altering species extinction risks, said study author Bernardo Garcia-Carreras, a graduate student at Imperial College London.
"From simple models, it appears that if the spectral color of the population becomes bluer, as our results seem to suggest, then extinction risk is reduced," Garcia-Carreras told LiveScience. "It is good news in that sense."
But there is a large caveat to the good news, Garcia-Carreras said. Environmental fluctuations are just one influence on species survival. Other factors — such as overall temperature change and habitat loss — put pressure on species that could offset any benefits from a bluer world. [Read: With Climate Change, Expect More Monster Winter Storms]
"We've only looked at change in spectral colors," Garcia-Carreras said. "We're not trying to say that climate change is great for populations."
To assign a color to the environment, Garcia-Carreras and his colleagues used temperature data from the Climatic Research Unit and the Global Historical Climatology Network, which gave them a picture of daily weather throughout the 20th century. To gauge fluctuations in animal populations, they used the Global Population Dynamics Database, which tracks population changes for 147 species, ranging from insects to mammals, over the past 30 years.
Overall, global temperatures showed a small but significant shift from "red" (or slow fluctuations) to rapid, "blue" fluctuations in the last half of the century, Garcia-Carreras said. The change wasn't identical for the entire world, he said. Asia saw shifts toward slower fluctuations. But on the whole, the "bluer" world also correlated with faster shifts in animal populations, Garcia-Carreras said.
The "blue"-ing of the environment may ease extinction risk because a swing toward unwelcoming conditions is usually followed by a fast return to more salutary surroundings. Understanding what these changes mean for individual species will require more work, Garcia-Carreras said.
"With this information in hand, we can try to look more specifically at what mechanisms underlie the effect the changing spectral color of the environment might be having on populations," he said.
Here are five major Windows features that Microsoft is still working on today.
1. Microsoft Edge
Microsoft hoped to capture those coming to Windows 10 with a fresh new browser. Edge, it claimed, was built for the modern web and held an emphasis on simplicity and useful features. While Edge is certainly better than its predecessor internet Explorer, it’s still maturing into a browser you’ll want to use all the time.
Certainly, there are some good reasons for using Edge. In the future, we hope Microsoft will greatly expand the extension library, add deep tweaking for power users, and maybe throw in a few surprises to set Edge apart. For now, Edge is usable, but it doesn’t offer enough to earn the coveted default browser place.
2. The Windows Store
The Windows Store should have been a huge breakthrough for the Windows ecosystem. For years, Windows was the only major operating system (OS) that didn’t have a centralized place for downloading apps. Linux and macOS, along with Android and iOS, all have a dedicated market for finding and installing apps. On Windows, you could only download them directly from developer websites or on third-party download sites, which can be dangerous.
Thankfully, the situation is a lot better than it once was. A search for a common app like VLC no longer brings up a dozen counterfeits looking for a quick buck.
However, for the average user, there isn’t much reason to browse the Windows Store. Why download the Store apps for Spotify, Instagram, Inkscape, or Newegg when you can download the normal desktop versions or use their web versions? Most people don’t even know that popular apps are in the Store.
In the future, the Windows Store should garner support from more developers to make it the standard for downloading Windows software. Windows veterans setting up a new PC are used to download the desktop versions of programs — making Store apps more attractive could change that.
Notably, the new Windows 10 S restricts users to only using apps from the Windows Store. Users running that version of the OS can’t use traditional desktop tools. Hopefully, this results in better Store apps for everyone.
3. The Settings App
We’ve discussed before how Microsoft is killing off the old Control Panel in favor of the Settings app. With every update to Windows 10, options once found in the Control Panel dissolve into Settings. For instance, clicking the option to change your Windows theme in Settings used to pop open a Control Panel entry straight out of Windows 7. But now, this preference is all handled in Settings.
For the average user, this is a great change that makes Windows more user-friendly. Placing the most common options in the colorful and easy-to-navigate Settings app and keeping the power user tools in the Control Panel is a sensible separation.
In the future, we might see a complete teardown of the Control Panel with a full migration to Settings. However, it’s more likely that the Control Panel will evolve to only contain features that normal user don’t care about, such as File Explorer Options. Removing duplicate entries from the Control Panel, like Language, will make both menus unique and reduce clutter.
Microsoft’s OneDrive, originally known as SkyDrive, has matured from a basic Dropbox competitor to a key part of Windows 10. Back when it was introduced as an optional download for Windows 7, SkyDrive was functional but didn’t pack many features. Plus, its web client was pretty lousy.
That’s not the case with OneDrive. By signing in with a Microsoft account, you get access to 5GB of free space with more available for purchase. Of course, OneDrive’s core feature is giving you an easy way to sync your files between devices. But it also offers power tools like automatically backing up photos, fetching your PC files remotely, and even letting you work on Office documents at the same time as someone else.
Unfortunately, Microsoft removed one of the best parts of OneDrive — Smart Files — in Windows 10. But until the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update, which we expect to introduce OneDrive Files On-Demand (a Smart Files replacement), you can get them back with a bit of work. Add in backing up your Windows settings, powerful sharing options, and great apps on every platform, and it’s easy to see OneDrive has become a complete cloud storage solution. It gets even better the more Microsoft services you use. And if you don’t like it for some reason, Microsoft made it easy to remove in the Creators Update.
Starting with the Creators Update, Cortana is there to help new users set up their PC. Working with reminders and requests, like playing music, are more reliable and have extra functionality. Windows 10’s search is already awesome, but as Cortana grows she offers so many more reasons to use her. You can even add the Cortana app to your phone and sync notifications.
There’s no telling how much Cortana will improve in the near future. We’re sure that Microsoft will continue to add new features, enhancements to what’s already there, and more integrations.
What Other Windows Features Remain Unfinished?
These five big features of Windows 10 show that Microsoft isn’t stuck in the past or sitting contently. While some ancient Windows features haven’t changed in years, Microsoft is making other improvements all the time as Windows evolves. It’s an exciting time for Windows users, as we’ll certainly see even more progress before the year ends.
Today, you can save big money on SanDisk memory, video games, and much more!
To start things off, you can get all kinds of deals on SanDisk memory products. Whether you need an SSD, a thumb drive, or an SD card, there are deals for you. This is a Deal of the Day, so you’ll want to grab any of the devices that interest you right away!
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is investigating claims that Samsung washing machines are experiencing “safety issues”. These “issues” affect “certain top-load washing machines made between March 2011 and April 2016”.
This investigation comes just a few months after a class-action lawsuit was filed by owners of Samsung washing machines.
As reported by Law360 in March, Suzann Moore and Michelle Soto Fielder claim Samsung “exposed them to unreasonable harm and unjustly received their money by selling them brand-new washing machines that exploded violently in their homes just a few years later, causing significant damage”.
I put a Samsung Galaxy Note 7 inside a Samsung washing machine and now I own a nuclear warhead.
Samsung has admitted there is a problem with some models, issuing an official statement saying, “In rare cases, affected units may experience abnormal vibrations that could pose a risk of personal injury or property damage when washing bedding, bulky or water-resistant items.”
In light of this, Samsung is advising customers who own the affected models to use “the lower speed delicate cycle when washing bedding, bulky or water-resistant materials”. Everyone in the U.S. who owns a Samsung washing machine should check to see whether their model is affected.
Having one product exploding in people’s faces is bad enough, but Samsung is now facing a second safety crisis. Which really isn’t going to do the company any favors in terms of customer satisfaction and brand awareness.
Do you own any Samsung products? Or even one of their washing machines? Is this duo of safety issues affecting what you think of the Samsung brand? And are you likely to think twice before buying a Samsung product in the future? Whatever your thoughts, please let us know in the comments below!
With their glowing skin, tumbling curls and perfect pouts, vintage beauties like Elizabeth Taylor and Audrey Hepburn are still the envy of women today! But just how did they manage to look so classically beautiful without the plethora of makeup products available to the ladies of 2014? Let’s take a step back in time and discover the tricks of those old Hollywood sirens!
There’s definitely something to be said for the fact that we’re still obsessed with the classic beauty of bygone eras!
We still admire the simplistic elegance of the likes of Grace Kelly and continue to try to recreate the retro glamour of Marilyn Monroe with beauties like Dita Von Teese leading the pack! There just seems to be something effortless and undeniably feminine about the old Hollywood actresses, something refreshing about living in an age where making an effort and looking your best at all times was a way of life!
So, let’s see just how to create the beautiful vintage look in 2014 using a combination of 20 beauty tricks from back in the day and some up-to-date cosmetics!
A flawless complexion is the most vital part of creating the vintage look and I’m not talking about covering your imperfections with foundation! It was taking great care of the skin that was of paramount importance – but without all these modern day face creams and cleansers, just how did they do it? Simple: cold water!
Joan Crawford famously used to splash her face with ice cold water over 20 times to tighten her pores and keep her skin taut! Now that’s an inexpensive trick we can all try out!
It’s worth mentioning that using cold water on your hair to keep it shiny was also part of the old beauty routines!
Exfoliating rejuvenates the skin, rids it of dead cells and helps clear acne so needless to say, it is a vital step in creating the perfect complexion!
Even Katharine Hepburn made her own exfoliant using lemon juice, a little water and granulated sugar!
Unlike today, tanned skin was actually once undesirable and associated with the lower classes! It was rather porcelain skin that was considered elegant and high class; so much so that women of yesteryear made a point to stay out of the sun! So embrace your natural skin tone and put the sun lounger and tanning mitt away!
#5 Prevent Puffiness
Vintage beauties used Petroleum Jelly (or Vaseline) religiously under the eyes to prevent puffiness and dark circles!
This combined with good old-fashioned cucumber slices really worked to keep puffiness at bay! While cucumbers are still used for this today, we now have the most amazing eye creams to choose from such as Simple Soothing Eye Balm which contains Vitamin B-5, Shea butter and Bisabolol!
#6 Prime Your Eyelids
It’s no secret that I’m a primer fanatic! But even the old Hollywood sirens saw the importance of priming their eyelids before applying eyeshadow and liner! While petroleum jelly was used back then, I suggest you use something like Elizabeth Arden’s Eye Fix Primer!
#7 Add A Little Extra Glow
If putting maximum effort in to your skin routine still isn’t giving you the Hollywood radiance you desire, then try mixing a primer like Lancôme’s Éclat Miracle in with your foundation to really make your skin glow! Marilyn Monroe famously used to layer on hormone cream, petroleum jelly and powder so she positively beamed on camera, but consequently grew a layer of blonde hair on her face… yeah don’t try that!
#8 Contour a la Kelly
While we generally consider contouring as a relatively new makeup trick used by celebrities such as Kim Kardashian, it was actually used way back in the day by Grace Kelly – the original queen of contouring!
Grace used two different shades of blush to create her beautiful high cheekbones; a darker blush just underneath her cheekbone and a lighter blush on the apples of her cheeks!
#9 Give Your Cheeks Some Colour
Speaking of blush, did you know that ladies used to crush rose petals and even beetroot to get that beautiful rosy flush? Try it out for yourself, or just use Benefit’s Benetint – your choice!
#10 Keep Eyes Simple
Far from a complex multi-toned smokey eye you’re likely to see on a modern day runway, women back in the day simply applied a darker colour such as a soft brown in the crease to define the eye! A neutral skin toned colour was then applied all the way up to the brow bone to give lift! A simple trick with fabulous results!
#11 Fake Luscious Lashes
Audrey Hepburn famously used to spend a ridiculous amount of time separating her lashes with a pin to create the full lashed effect! Thankfully we don’t have to resort to such painstaking measures as we now have access to lengthening and volumising mascaras! Plus, false lashes can be found everywhere!
#12 Embrace Red Lipstick
Wearing red lipstick can be daunting, but if you truly want to recreate the retro glamour look then ditch the fear! Be it raspberry, cherry or wine, there’s a red lipstick to suit everyone so find your shade and simply blot it to make it velvety matte! To make it even more poutalicious, add a little gloss to the centre and smudge!
#13 Create Full Lips
To create a beautiful full pout like those seen in the 40s, use a lip liner to define your lips and accentuate your cupid’s bow with a highlighter like Benefit’s High Beam!
Did you know that something as simple as matching your nails to your lipstick screams vintage?! Revlon introduced the notion and began selling lipstick and matching nail polish sets in the 40s; some of the colours can still be bought to this day!
#15 Try The Half Moon Manicure
The unpainted half moon nail trend is very fashionable right now having recently been seen on the spring 2014 runway! But far from a new idea, this trend was first seen back in the 30s! That’s right, women like Marlene Dietrich used to leave the half moon of their nail bare because it meant the re-growth didn’t show as fast and the manicure lasted longer! Practical and stylish!
#16 Define Your Brows
Be it 1920 or 2014, eyebrows are a big deal! The brows of the 20s and 30s were thin and straight, while the 40s saw the birth of the fashionable thick and gently arched brow! So tweeze, comb and treat your eyebrow pencil as your best friend to get dark and defined vintage brows!
I definitely suggest going over your brows with a damp angle brush to soften them up at the end though!
#17 Create Tumbling Curls
You don’t get much more vintage than pairing beautiful tumbling curls with your red lipstick! No electric gadgets are needed for this girls so put away your GHDs and Babyliss crimping iron and use good old-fashioned rollers to achieve optimum bounce instead!
#18 Indulge Your Hands
Vintage beauties didn’t just stop at their faces. Oh no! They were so meticulous about looking after their skin that hand cream was also an integral part of the daily beauty routine!
So, to ensure all the skin on show looks flawless, use a product such as Helping Hands from Lush! (My all time favourite hand cream).
Nothing says timeless beauty and femininity more than a good ol’ vintage accessory, so accessorise your look with an elegant vintage headband or a simple string of lustrous pearls to instantly brighten your complexion!
#20 Spritz Away
Scent was (and still is) a major part of a woman’s beauty and elegance so choose a vintage fragrance like Elizabeth Taylor’s White Diamonds or the classic Chanel Mademoiselle to feel truly glamorous!
Beauty routines may have come a long way, but I think we’ll always look back and want to recreate a little of the old Hollywood Glamour from time to time! Luckily with a little historical know-how and a few modern cosmetics, we can look and feel like the beauties of yesteryear in 2014 and years to come!
If you’ve shared Google Drive files with a bunch of people, it can be easy to forget who exactly has access to which files. Managing your shared Google files can be a hassle, but finding out who you’ve given permission to—and revoking that permission—is a simple process.
How to Check Who Has Access in Google Drive
You can easily manually check who has access to your Google Drive files by doing the following:
Navigate to the file or folder in question, right click it and select Share from the menu.
If you’ve shared it with just one or two individuals, you’ll see their names listed in the window that pops up, under People.
If you’ve shared with more than two individuals, click their names and the full list will open up.
How to Edit or Remove Users in Google Drive
If you want to change a user’s permissions or even remove them from the file, you’ll want to once again open up the Share window and bring up the list of users using the steps above. Then do either of the following:
To change a user’s permissions, click the large icon next to their email address representing their sharing settings. You have three choices: they can view, comment, and edit.
To completely remove a user, click the X next to their email address.
Be sure to click the Save button once you’ve made all your changes or they won’t take.
How to Turn Off Sharing in Google Drive
If you’ve created a public link and have shared it with a bunch of different people without inviting them through their Gmail address, you can turn off that link, but that means that everyone will lose access.
To turn off link sharing, do the following:
Navigate to the file or folder in question, right click it and select Share from the menu.
If you’ve shared it you should see one of three messages: Anyone with the link can view or Anyone with the link can edit or Anyone with the link can comment. To switch the sharing settings, click drop down menu and make a new selection.
If you want to completely turn off link sharing, click the drop down menu and select OFF.
Once you’ve made your selection, click Done.
When you do this, anyone who previously had access through that generated link will no longer be able to open the file. If you generate a new link, you will once again have to share that link with them.
Whether you’re a huge fan of hockey or couldn’t give a hoot, you will love watching these two adorable Dachshunds duke it out in these adorable costumes. They don’t mind wearing them at all, and are just too much fun to watch.
“Oakley and I playing a bit of our national pastime!” hehe :)~ CrusoeBecome a fan for more videos -> Crusoe the…
Due to the way Apple releases hardware updates, Mac devices are often referred to by their year (such as mine, which is the “Late 2015 21.5-inch iMac”). While this is great as a quick reference, it hardly tells the whole story.
The actual specs between two 2015-era iMacs can differ by quite a bit, for example, which is why it’s so important that you know how to find out the absolute specs for your machine.
The first thing you need to do is go to the top left of your screen and click the Apple button. In the menu, select About This Mac.
Here you’ll see a brief overview of your specs, and in most cases, this may actually be enough! But sometimes you need to dig even deeper, in which case you should click the System Report button.
This presents you with more advanced and granular details, including cache sizes, ROM versions, exact model identifiers, and you can explore the various sections to see details on your data drives, USB ports, etc.
But there’s one thing missing: the true model version of your CPU. You probably have some kind of Intel Core i3, i5, or i7, but the CPU’s capabilities can only be judged when you know the true model version.